Artificial Intelligent

How does artificial intelligence work?

Methods and concepts for artificial intelligence

Ten years after breaking the Enigma, and helping the Allies win World War II, mathematician Alan Turing changed history a second time with the simple question.

The question is “Can machines think?”

Turing’s dissertation Computers and Intelligence (1950) and the subsequent Turing test set out the basic goals and vision of artificial intelligence.

The broad goals of artificial intelligence have raised many questions and controversies. There are so many field definitions that are not widely accepted.

Can machines think? – Alan Turing, 1950

The main limitation of simply defining artificial intelligence as “building smart machines” is that it doesn’t really explain what artificial intelligence is. What makes a machine smart? Artificial intelligence is a science with many methods, but advances in machine learning.  Deep learning are causing a paradigm shift in almost all areas of the tech industry.

In their groundbreaking textbook Artificial Intelligence: A Modern Method, authors Stuart Russell and Peter Norvig have summarized their work on intelligent agents in machines to solve this problem.

Patrick Winston, professor of artificial intelligence and computer science at MIT, Ford, defines artificial intelligence as “algorithms that are activated by publicly created restrictions and that support the presentation of models that refer to cycles that link thinking, perception, and perception”. Action.

While these definitions may seem abstract to the average person, they help turn the field into a computing field and provide a model for the injection of machine learning and other subsets of artificial intelligence into machines and programs.

How is artificial intelligence used?

At the Japan Conference on Experience with Artificial Intelligence 2017, DataRobot CEO Jeremy Achin provided the following definition at the beginning of his speech on the current use of Artificial Intelligence:

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More than 20 examples of AI in everyday life

Artificial intelligence is usually divided into two categories, weak artificial intelligence and general artificial intelligence.

Narrow Artificial Intelligence: This type of artificial intelligence is sometimes referred to as “weak artificial intelligence” and works in a sandbox and is a simulation of human intelligence. Narrow artificial intelligence usually focuses on doing a task very well. Even though these machines look intelligent, they operate under more limitations.

General Artificial Intelligence (AGI): AGI, sometimes referred to as “strong artificial intelligence”, is the type of artificial intelligence we see in movies, such as robots in Westworld or Star Trek: The Next Generation. Information. AGI is a machine with general intelligence that, like humans, can use this intelligence to solve any problem.

Narrow artificial intelligence

Narrow AI surrounds us and could easily be the most successful AI implementation to date. According to preparations for the future of Artificial Intelligence, Narrow AI is focused on specific tasks and has made great strides in the last ten years. They “own” this achievement

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